How to use SAR on Redhat

Eyeball Sar is a system monitor command used to display system activity. Sar ts installed via the sysstat rpm. Use the command below to install sysstat.

[root@fedora ~]# yum -y install sysstat

Once installed you can check out the sysstat config file (/etc/sysconfig/sysstat) and configure how long to sar will keep your logfiles, on my system the default was 7 days. I changed this to 30 days.

The cron job for sar is located here (/etc/cron.d/sysstat) if you want to modify it as well.

Once installed and configured to your liking you must ensure that it starts and runs at boot time. I accomplished this via the command below.

[root@fedora ~]# chkconfig sysstat on && service sysstat start

Once up and running it will write its logs out to /var/log/sa, and you can read those files with the following command (sar -d <filename>, where filename is the name of the file that you want to read). Note that in the examples below, 3 is the interval, and 10 is the count.

Additionally you may run sar interactively, below are a few sample commands.

View disk i/o and transfer rate stats:

sar -b 3 10

View memory and swap space stats:

sar -r 3 10

View swapping stats:

sar -W 3 10

View network stats:

sar -n DEV 3 10

View CPU stats:

sar -P ALL 3 10