Red Hat OpenStack 8: Making your Undercloud Immutable



This article will show you how to block the overcloud from being deleted.

Blocking Users from Deleting the Overcloud Stack

First make a backup copy of /etc/heat/policy.json

$sudo cp /etc/heat/policy.json /etc/heat/policy.json.orig

Run the command below to see the default stacks:delete policy.

$ sudo grep -m1 stacks:delete /etc/heat/policy.json
“stacks:delete”: “rule:deny_stack_user”,

Then, make it so that we deny anyone and everyone from removing the stack, even if you’re an admin.

Note, that this means that the policy would have to be reverted back to the original configuration to delete the stack in the future. See sed command below.

$ sudo sed -i /stacks:delete/{s/rule:.*/’rule:deny_everybody”,’/}

Verify your changes.

$ sudo grep -m1 stacks:delete /etc/heat/policy.json
“stacks:delete”: “rule:deny_everybody”,

Blocking Users from Deleting Nova Instances

In addition to blocking users from accidentally deleting your overcloud from heat, you should also block the accidental deletion of the overcloud nodes from nova.

First, run the command below to make a backup of /etc/nova/policy.json.

$ sudo cp /etc/nova/policy.json /etc/nova/policy.json.orig

Run the command below to see the default compute:delete policy.

$ sudo grep compute:delete /etc/nova/policy.json
“compute:delete”: “rule:admin_or_owner”,

Now let’s change the policy so that it blocks anyone and everyone from deleting a compute node.

$ sudo sed -i /compute:delete/{s/rule:.*/’rule:deny_everybody”,’/}

Now we can verify our changes.

$ sudo grep compute:delete /etc/nova/policy.json
“compute:delete”: “rule:deny_everybody”,

Deploying Red Hat OpenStack 10 via the Tripleo UI


In this lab, we are going to deploy a functional, yet simple, Overcloud via the Tripleo WebUI using Virtual Machines. Our test deployment will consist of three Overcloud Controller Nodes (configured with HA) and one Overcloud Compute Node.

Hypervisor Details

Interface IP Address Interface IP Address Interface IP Address

Undercloud VM Details

Interface IP Address Interface IP Address


Note that we have installed squid on our hypervisor node and are using that node to proxy all web traffic to the undercloud controller. This also requires configuring your web browser to use the hypervisor as its proxy.

Continue reading

How to Determine Installed OpenStack director Version


Trying to determine that version of Red Hat OpenStack director that is installed on an Undercloud Controller is not as straight forward as one would hope.

I have created the simple table below that you can use to determine your installed director version via the installed version of the openstack-tripleo-heat-templates rpm.


Minimum RPM Version Release Date director Version
openstack-tripleo-heat-templates-0.8.6-123.el7ost UNK 7.3.1
openstack-tripleo-heat-templates-0.8.6-94.el7ost.noarch.rpm 2015-12-16 7.2
openstack-tripleo-heat-templates-0.8.6-71.el7ost.noarch.rpm 2015-10-05 7.1
openstack-tripleo-heat-templates-0.8.6-45.el7ost.noarch.rpm 2015-07-30 7.0
openstack-tripleo-heat-templates-0.8.14-11.el7ost.noarch 2016-04-20 8.0
oopenstack-tripleo-heat-templates-2.0.0-41.el7ost.noarch ?? 9.0

Hopefully, in the near future, we will see an rpm similar to redhat-release-server (the rpm that create /etc/redhat-release) included in future OSP director updates. Until then, this table should be of some assistance.

Related Bugzillas

Secondary Method – Updated 9/20/2016

You can also run the following command on your overcloud

[root@tpacpuictrl0 nova]# nova-manage –version

Now cross reference this info with this webpage.

OpenStack: Introduction to Troubleshooting Heat


Introduction to Heat

Heat is the main orchestration engine for OpenStack, and is used my OpenStack director to install an OpenStack Overcloud environment.

When we run the “openstack deploy overcloud” command, we are specifically
telling RHEL OSP director that we want it to use the pre-defined Heat templates from
/usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates/. OSP director will manage the
deployment of a new overcloud heat stack, using files from this directory.
When RHEL OSP director calls the Heat stack, it needs the following data…

  • A top-level Heat template to use that describes the overall environment and the
    resources required.
  • An environment/resource registry to tell Heat where to find resource
    definitions for non-standard Heat elements, e.g. TripleO components.
  • A set of parameters to declare the deployment-specific options (via -e)


The most important files for us to focus on are in our deployment directory, these are the default files that get called by OSP director.

  • The top-level Heat template that OSP director uses for deployment is
  • The resource registry, which tells Heat where to find the templates for
    deployment resources is

Creating a Heat Stack

To create the stack we run the command below. This command instructs heat to use
the templates in ~/my_templates/, as well as the override templates specified
with the ‘-e’ option.

This is just an example of what I am using in my lab environment, your deploy command will be much different. Also note that I have copied the templates from /usr/share/openstack-tripleo-heat-templates to ~/my_templates/.

#openstack overcloud deploy –debug –templates ~/my_templates/ \
–ntp-server –control-scale 3 –compute-scale 2 \
-e ~/my_templates/advanced-networking.yaml

Troubleshooting a Failed Heat Stack

Unfortunately our deploy failed with the following errors.

Exception: Heat Stack create failed.
DEBUG: clean_up DeployOvercloud
DEBUG: got an error: Heat Stack create failed.
ERROR: Traceback (most recent call last):
File “/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/openstackclient/”, line 176, in
return super(OpenStackShell, self).run(argv)
File “/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cliff/”, line 230, in run
result = self.run_subcommand(remainder)
File “/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cliff/”, line 295, in
result =
File “/usr/lib/python2.7/site-packages/cliff/”, line 53, in run
line 864, in take_action
self._deploy_tripleo_heat_templates(stack, parsed_args)
line 535, in _deploy_tripleo_heat_templates
line 478, in _heat_deploy
raise Exception(“Heat Stack create failed.”)
Exception: Heat Stack create failed.

We can verify that the deploy failed with the command below.

stack@undercloud] # heat stack-list
+————————————–+————+—————+—| id | stack_name | stack_status | creation_time |
| ce993847-b0ee-4ea2-ac15-dc0ddc81825a | overcloud | CREATE_FAILED |
2016-02-29T20:40:54Z |

Since the stack deploy has failed, let’s take a closer look at the stack resources
and see if we can determine which resources failed.

Here we will make things simple by viewing only failed resources.

[stack@undercloud] # heat resource-list overcloud | grep -i failed
| Compute | c032c668-755f-422f-8ad1-4abf46b022ff
| OS::Heat::ResourceGroup | CREATE_FAILED |
2016-02-29T20:40:55Z |
| Controller | 668d27e0-9ab1-4dbe-8445-1d1ee8839265
| OS::Heat::ResourceGroup | CREATE_FAILED |
2016-02-29T20:40:55Z |

The failed resources are named “Compute” and “Controller“. Lets take a closer
look at those using the “resource-show” argument.

#heat resource-show overcloud Compute

| resource_status_reason | ResourceUnknownStatus: Resource failed – Unknown
status FAILED due to “Resource CREATE failed: ResourceUnknownStatus:
Resource failed – Unknown status FAILED due to “Resource CREATE failed:
StackValidationFailed: Property error : OsNetConfigImpl: config The Parameter
(BondInterfaceOvsOptions) was not provided.”” |

Let’s now do the same for Controller.

#heat resource-show overcloud Controller

| resource_status_reason | ResourceUnknownStatus: Resource failed – Unknown
status FAILED due to “Resource CREATE failed: ResourceUnknownStatus:
Resource failed – Unknown status FAILED due to “Resource CREATE failed:
StackValidationFailed: Property error : OsNetConfigImpl: config The Parameter
(BondInterfaceOvsOptions) was not provided.”” |

Apparently I have some issues with my OVS bonding options, so I need to get those straight before I can continue.

Deleting a Failed Heat Stack

Since our last deploy failed, we need to delete the failed stack before we can kick off another stack deploy. Below is an example of that command – note we are using the UUID of the stack.


[stack@vz-undercloud] # heat stack-delete 2b0da4f6-e6f8-41cd-89e8-bf070d0e0d15
+————————————–+————+——————-| id | stack_name | stack_status | creation_time |
| 2b0da4f6-e6f8-41cd-89e8-bf070d0e0d15 | overcloud | DELETE_IN_PROGRESS |
2016-03-01T17:21:58Z |


[stack@vz-undercloud] # heat stack-list
| id | stack_name | stack_status | creation_time |
| 2b0da4f6-e6f8-41cd-89e8-bf070d0e0d15 | overcloud | DELETE_FAILED |
2016-03-01T17:21:58Z |

Now lets kick off another deploy

#openstack overcloud deploy –debug –templates ~/my_templates/ \
–ntp-server –control-scale 3 –compute-scale 2 \
-e ~/my_templates/advanced-networking.yaml

Unfortunately, this deploy failed as well.

Ok, let’s take a look at /var/log/heat/heat/heat-engine.log for more details. I also suggest opening another ssh session and tailing the log while the delete is attempting to do its thing.

If the output is too verbose to follow, I suggest attempting to thin out the output using the command below

#tail -f /var/log/heat/heat-engine.log | egrep ‘error|fatal’

This lead me to the following error.

2016-03-01 13:46:12.366 18554 ERROR heat.engine.resource [-] Error marking
resource as failed
2016-03-01 13:46:12.366 18554 TRACE heat.engine.resource DBConnectionError:
(_mysql_exceptions.OperationalError) (2003, “Can’t connect to MySQL server on
‘’ (111)”)

Mysql is down? So now we need to look at the mariadb logs – where we see the following.

160301 12:16:24 [Warning] Failed to setup SSL
160301 12:16:24 [Warning] SSL error: SSL_CTX_set_default_verify_paths failed

Apparently SELinux is blocking the reads for the certificates.
There are two ways to work around this issue. You can run “restorecon -v
/path/to/certs/“, or you can work around by disabling selinux by running
“setenforce 0” or by editing the /etc/selinux/config file and setting ‘SELINUX=DISABLED’.
You may need to rerun the delete, in my case it was stuck in
“DELETE_IN_PROGRESS”.  I restarted all heat releated services to force the delete to error.

#systemctl restart openstack-heat-engine.service openstack-heat-api.service
openstack-heat-api-cloudwatch.service openstack-heat-api-cfn.service

This will cause the delete to error. You can then retry the delete.

If the delete is taking a long time, you can dig a bit deeper into the delete
using the command below.

#heat resource-list overcloud

Now drill down more with the command below.

#heat event-list overcloud

Make note of the resource_name and its id and use them in the next command.
Note that stack name is still overcloud.

heat event-show overcloud Compute d9e13b02-07b0-4beb-8442-f25de0e7ef8b

I have found that rebooting the undercloud will clear out any in-progress
tasks, you can then run the delete again.

You can also try to manually delete each node from Ironic by mimic’ing what the
nova driver in Ironic does. This is shown below for reference.

$ ironic node-set-provision-state <node uuid> deleted

And to remove the instance_uuid

$ ironic node-update <node uuid> remove instance_uuid

Additional Resources


OpenStack director Overcloud Image Build Using the RHN Portal


Most of the documentation that I see on the subject of building your own Overcloud images use repos that are not available to most users. Today, I am going to document two additional scenarios. One, using a local Satellite server, and the other using the Red Hat (RHN) Portal.

RHEL Portal Registration

Here are the steps to use if you want your overcloud machines to register to the RHEL portal.

First export a bunch of ENV variables.

export NODE_DIST=rhel7
export DIB_LOCAL_IMAGE=rhel7-guest.qcow2
export REG_METHOD=portal
# Find this with `sudo subscription-manager list –available`
export REG_POOL_ID=”[pool id]”
export REG_REPOS=”rhel-7-server-rpms \
rhel-7-server-extras-rpms \
rhel-ha-for-rhel-7-server-rpms \
rhel-7-server-optional-rpms \

Now start your build. Should take about 30 minutes, so be patient.

#time openstack overcloud image build –all 2>&1 | tee openstack_image_build.log


RHEL Satellite Registration

When registering to a local satellite server, use the format below. Note that you must use an activation key, as using id and password authentication is not supported for security reasons.

export REG_METHOD=satellite
# REG_SAT_URL should be in the format of:
# http://<satellite-hostname
export REG_SAT_URL=”[satellite url]”
export REG_ORG=”[satellite org]”
# Activation key must enable these repos:
# rhel-7-server-rpms
# rhel-7-server-optional-rpms
# rhel-7-server-extras-rpms
# rhel-7-server-openstack-7.0-rpms
export REG_ACTIVATION_KEY=”[activation key]”

Now start your build. Remember to be patient.

time openstack overcloud image build –all 2>&1 | tee openstack_image_build.log