Anyone who has added and removed multiple disks from a RedHat server knows very well that your disks may not always enumerate exactly the same way after a reboot. You then have to resort to mounting up your filesystems to a temporary mount point to see exactly whats in them, and were they really need to be mounted.
Want to know if UUIDS are being used on your linux box, well just cat /etc/fstab, and if you see somthing similar to what’s below, then you are using UUIDS, instead of traditional disk device names.
UUID=3fa4603e-9874-4f47-ae1c-3f7715a54238 / ext4 defaults,user_xattr 1 1
UUID=483c34a4-b3ec-4860-854f-b9e5b6a6efac /boot ext4 defaults 1 2
UUID=7cab6648-b3f3-4aaa-bb2b-d32b78156aab /var ext4 defaults 1 2
UUID=7b05f0a9-18d5-42e5-b259-78ba3a8cc1b7 swap swap defaults 0 0
One way of mapping device UUIDS back to device names is the blkid command — usage and output below.
[root@fedora15 ~]# blkid
/dev/sda1: UUID=”483c34a4-b3ec-4860-854f-b9e5b6a6efac” TYPE=”ext4″
/dev/sda2: LABEL=”_Fedora-15-x86_6″ UUID=”3fa4603e-9874-4f47-ae1c-3f7715a54238″ TYPE=”ext4″
/dev/sda3: UUID=”7b05f0a9-18d5-42e5-b259-78ba3a8cc1b7″ TYPE=”swap”
/dev/sdb1: UUID=”7cab6648-b3f3-4aaa-bb2b-d32b78156aab” TYPE=”ext4″
/dev/sdb2: UUID=”rJfNaK-e3Xp-n3qm-4aXM-BfKF-g7sg-Kwm33a” TYPE=”LVM2_member”
/dev/sdc1: LABEL=”raid1″ UUID=”34ed4ffd-cc4a-4b40-892f-6d7714fe7f4e” TYPE=”ext3″
/dev/mapper/vm_vg-v1: UUID=”2d96aa43-b5b8-4185-8014-323ad8a07a0d” TYPE=”ext4″
You can also do an ls on the following directory and get the same information.
[root@fedora15 ~]# ls -l /dev/disk/by-uuid
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep 25 21:41 2d96aa43-b5b8-4185-8014-323ad8a07a0d -> ../../dm-0
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep 25 20:51 34ed4ffd-cc4a-4b40-892f-6d7714fe7f4e -> ../../sdc1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep 25 20:51 3fa4603e-9874-4f47-ae1c-3f7715a54238 -> ../../sda2
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep 25 20:51 483c34a4-b3ec-4860-854f-b9e5b6a6efac -> ../../sda1
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep 25 20:51 7b05f0a9-18d5-42e5-b259-78ba3a8cc1b7 -> ../../sda3
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 10 Sep 25 20:51 7cab6648-b3f3-4aaa-bb2b-d32b78156aab -> ../../sdb1
If you are so inclined, you can also get the UUID and filesystem label (if there is one) with the tune2fs command
tune2fs -l /dev/sda1
Filesystem volume name: <none>
Last mounted on: /boot
Filesystem UUID: 483c34a4-b3ec-4860-854f-b9e5b6a6efac
Filesystem magic number: 0xEF53
Filesystem revision #: 1 (dynamic)
Oh and if you are running Fedora 15 and are wondering what the heck rootfs is (as I was), here is an explanation. More junk that I hope never gets into RHEL.
Oh and if you are really bored, and would like to know more about what a UUID is go here