I stole these sed one liners…..

FILE SPACING:

# double space a file

 sed G

# double space a file which already has blank lines in it. Output file
# should contain no more than one blank line between lines of text.

sed '/^$/d;G'

# triple space a file

sed 'G;G'

# undo double-spacing (assumes even-numbered lines are always blank)

 sed 'n;d'

# insert a blank line above every line which matches “regex”

sed '/regex/{x;p;x;}'

# insert a blank line below every line which matches “regex”

sed '/regex/G'

# insert a blank line above and below every line which matches “regex”

sed '/regex/{x;p;x;G;}'

NUMBERING:

# number each line of a file (simple left alignment). Using a tab

# note on ‘\t’ at end of file) instead of space will preserve margins.

 sed = filename | sed 'N;s/\n/\t/'

# number each line of a file (number on left, right-aligned)

sed = filename | sed 'N; s/^/ /; s/ *\(.\{6,\}\)\n/\1 /'

# number each line of file, but only print numbers if line is not blank

sed '/./=' filename | sed '/./N; s/\n/ /'

# count lines (emulates “wc -l”)

sed -n '$='

Text Conversion and Subsitution:

# IN UNIX ENVIRONMENT: convert DOS newlines (CR/LF) to Unix format

 sed 's/.$//' # assumes that all lines end with CR/LF
 sed 's/^M$//' # in bash/tcsh, press Ctrl-V then Ctrl-M
 sed 's/\x0D$//' # gsed 3.02.80, but top script is easier

# IN UNIX ENVIRONMENT: convert Unix newlines (LF) to DOS format

 sed "s/$/`echo -e \\\r`/" # command line under ksh
 sed 's/$'"/`echo \\\r`/" # command line under bash
 sed "s/$/`echo \\\r`/" # command line under zsh
 sed 's/$/\r/' # gsed 3.02.80

# IN DOS ENVIRONMENT: convert Unix newlines (LF) to DOS format

sed "s/$//" # method 1
 sed -n p # method 2

# IN DOS ENVIRONMENT: convert DOS newlines (CR/LF) to Unix format
# Can only be done with UnxUtils sed, version 4.0.7 or higher.
# Cannot be done with other DOS versions of sed. Use “tr” instead.

sed "s/\r//" infile >outfile # UnxUtils sed v4.0.7 or higher
 tr -d \r <infile >outfile # GNU tr version 1.22 or higher

# delete leading whitespace (spaces, tabs) from front of each line
# aligns all text flush left

sed 's/^[ \t]*//' # see note on '\t' at end of file

# delete trailing whitespace (spaces, tabs) from end of each line

sed 's/[ \t]*$//' # see note on '\t' at end of file

# delete BOTH leading and trailing whitespace from each line

sed 's/^[ \t]*//;s/[ \t]*$//'

# insert 5 blank spaces at beginning of each line (make page offset)

sed 's/^/ /'

# align all text flush right on a 79-column width

sed -e :a -e 's/^.\{1,78\}$/ &/;ta' # set at 78 plus 1 space

# center all text in the middle of 79-column width. In method 1,
# spaces at the beginning of the line are significant, and trailing
# spaces are appended at the end of the line. In method 2, spaces at
# the beginning of the line are discarded in centering the line, and
# no trailing spaces appear at the end of lines.

sed -e :a -e 's/^.\{1,77\}$/ & /;ta' # method 1
 sed -e :a -e 's/^.\{1,77\}$/ &/;ta' -e 's/\( *\)\1/\1/' # method 2

# substitute (find and replace) “foo” with “bar” on each line

sed 's/foo/bar/' # replaces only 1st instance in a line
 sed 's/foo/bar/4' # replaces only 4th instance in a line
 sed 's/foo/bar/g' # replaces ALL instances in a line
 sed 's/\(.*\)foo\(.*foo\)/\1bar\2/' # replace the next-to-last case
 sed 's/\(.*\)foo/\1bar/' # replace only the last case

# substitute “foo” with “bar” ONLY for lines which contain “baz”

sed '/baz/s/foo/bar/g'

# substitute “foo” with “bar” EXCEPT for lines which contain “baz”

sed '/baz/!s/foo/bar/g'

# change “scarlet” or “ruby” or “puce” to “red”

sed 's/scarlet/red/g;s/ruby/red/g;s/puce/red/g' # most seds
sed 's/scarlet\|ruby\|puce/red/g' # GNU sed only

# reverse order of lines (emulates “tac”)
# bug/feature in HHsed v1.5 causes blank lines to be deleted

sed '1!G;h;$!d' # method 1
 sed -n '1!G;h;$p' # method 2

# reverse each character on the line (emulates “rev”)

sed '/\n/!G;s/\(.\)\(.*\n\)/&\2\1/;//D;s/.//'

# join pairs of lines side-by-side (like “paste”)

sed '$!N;s/\n/ /'

# if a line ends with a backslash, append the next line to it

sed -e :a -e '/\\$/N; s/\\\n//; ta'

# if a line begins with an equal sign, append it to the previous line
# and replace the “=” with a single space

sed -e :a -e '$!N;s/\n=/ /;ta' -e 'P;D'

# add commas to numeric strings, changing “1234567” to “1,234,567”

gsed ':a;s/\B[0-9]\{3\}\>/,&/;ta' # GNU sed
 sed -e :a -e 's/\(.*[0-9]\)\([0-9]\{3\}\)/\1,\2/;ta' # other seds

# add commas to numbers with decimal points and minus signs (GNU sed)

gsed ':a;s/\(^\|[^0-9.]\)\([0-9]\+\)\([0-9]\{3\}\)/\1\2,\3/g;ta'

# add a blank line every 5 lines (after lines 5, 10, 15, 20, etc.)

gsed '0~5G' # GNU sed only
 sed 'n;n;n;n;G;' # other seds

Selective Printing of Lines:

# print first 10 lines of file (emulates behavior of “head”)

 sed 10q

# print first line of file (emulates “head -1”)

sed q

# print the last 10 lines of a file (emulates “tail”)

sed -e :a -e '$q;N;11,$D;ba'

# print the last 2 lines of a file (emulates “tail -2”)

sed '$!N;$!D'

# print the last line of a file (emulates “tail -1”)

sed '$!d' # method 1
 sed -n '$p' # method 2

# print only lines which match regular expression (emulates “grep”)

sed -n '/regexp/p' # method 1
 sed '/regexp/!d' # method 2

# print only lines which do NOT match regexp (emulates “grep -v”)

sed -n '/regexp/!p' # method 1, corresponds to above
 sed '/regexp/d' # method 2, simpler syntax

# print the line immediately before a regexp, but not the line
# containing the regexp

sed -n '/regexp/{g;1!p;};h'

# print the line immediately after a regexp, but not the line
# containing the regexp

sed -n '/regexp/{n;p;}'

# print 1 line of context before and after regexp, with line number
# indicating where the regexp occurred (similar to “grep -A1 -B1”)

sed -n -e '/regexp/{=;x;1!p;g;$!N;p;D;}' -e h

# grep for AAA and BBB and CCC (in any order)

sed '/AAA/!d; /BBB/!d; /CCC/!d'

# grep for AAA and BBB and CCC (in that order)

sed '/AAA.*BBB.*CCC/!d'

# grep for AAA or BBB or CCC (emulates “egrep”)

sed -e '/AAA/b' -e '/BBB/b' -e '/CCC/b' -e d # most se ds
 gsed '/AAA\|BBB\|CCC/!d' # GNU sed only

# print paragraph if it contains AAA (blank lines separate paragraphs)
# HHsed v1.5 must insert a ‘G;’ after ‘x;’ in the next 3 scripts below

sed -e '/./{H;$!d;}' -e 'x;/AAA/!d;'

# print paragraph if it contains AAA and BBB and CCC (in any order)

sed -e '/./{H;$!d;}' -e 'x;/AAA/!d;/BBB/!d;/CCC/!d'

# print paragraph if it contains AAA or BBB or CCC

sed -e '/./{H;$!d;}' -e 'x;/AAA/b' -e '/BBB/b' -e '/CCC/b' -e d
 gsed '/./{H;$!d;};x;/AAA\|BBB\|CCC/b;d' # GNU sed only

# print only lines of 65 characters or longer

sed -n '/^.\{65\}/p'

# print only lines of less than 65 characters

sed -n '/^.\{65\}/!p' # method 1, corresponds to above
 sed '/^.\{65\}/d' # method 2, simpler syntax

# print section of file from regular expression to end of file

sed -n '/regexp/,$p'

# print section of file based on line numbers (lines 8-12, inclusive)

sed -n '8,12p' # method 1
 sed '8,12!d' # method 2

# print line number 52

sed -n '52p' # method 1
 sed '52!d' # method 2
 sed '52q;d' # method 3, efficient on large files

# beginning at line 3, print every 7th line

gsed -n '3~7p' # GNU sed only
 sed -n '3,${p;n;n;n;n;n;n;}' # other seds

# print section of file between two regular expressions (inclusive)

sed -n '/Iowa/,/Montana/p' # case sensitive

Selective Deletion of Lines:

# print all of file EXCEPT section between 2 regular expressions

sed '/Iowa/,/Montana/d'

# delete duplicate, consecutive lines from a file (emulates “uniq”).
# First line in a set of duplicate lines is kept, rest are deleted.

sed '$!N; /^\(.*\)\n\1$/!P; D'

# delete duplicate, nonconsecutive lines from a file. Beware not to
# overflow the buffer size of the hold space, or else use GNU sed.

sed -n 'G; s/\n/&&/; /^\([ -~]*\n\).*\n\1/d; s/\n//; h; P'

# delete all lines except duplicate lines (emulates “uniq -d”).

sed '$!N; s/^\(.*\)\n\1$/\1/; t; D'

# delete the first 10 lines of a file

sed '1,10d'

# delete the last line of a file

sed '$d'

# delete the last 2 lines of a file

sed 'N;$!P;$!D;$d'

# delete the last 10 lines of a file

sed -e :a -e '$d;N;2,10ba' -e 'P;D' # method 1
 sed -n -e :a -e '1,10!{P;N;D;};N;ba' # method 2

# delete every 8th line

gsed '0~8d' # GNU sed only
 sed 'n;n;n;n;n;n;n;d;' # other seds

# delete ALL blank lines from a file (same as “grep ‘.’ “)

sed '/^$/d' # method 1
 sed '/./!d' # method 2

# delete all CONSECUTIVE blank lines from file except the first; also
# deletes all blank lines from top and end of file (emulates “cat -s”)

sed '/./,/^$/!d' # method 1, allows 0 blanks at top, 1 at EOF
 sed '/^$/N;/\n$/D' # method 2, allows 1 blank at top, 0 at EOF

# delete all CONSECUTIVE blank lines from file except the first 2:

sed '/^$/N;/\n$/N;//D'

# delete all leading blank lines at top of file

sed '/./,$!d'

# delete all trailing blank lines at end of file

sed -e :a -e '/^\n*$/{$d;N;ba' -e '}' # works on all seds
 sed -e :a -e '/^\n*$/N;/\n$/ba' # ditto, except for gsed 3.02*

# delete the last line of each paragraph

sed -n '/^$/{p;h;};/./{x;/./p;}'

Resources:

http://www.catonmat.net/blog/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/sed1line.txt

One thought on “I stole these sed one liners…..

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