Solaris Volume Manager (formerly known as Online: DiskSuite, and later Solstice DiskSuite is a software package for creating, modifying and controlling RAID disks in Solaris. The process below outlines steps that you need to take to setup basic root disk mirroring.
Adding a new Disk? Create your Partition Table for your Mirror:
Using the format command, select your initial disk. Then select par, then
name to save off you partition table to disk.
Then switch to the other disk and label the other disk with the saved
Md.tab — add mirror information:
The file /etc/md.tab is basically a map file where you define your metadevices and the physical devices that they represent. In the example below the metadevice d0 has two submirrors, d10 and d20.
d0 -m d10
d10 1 1 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s0
d20 1 1 /dev/dsk/c0t1d0s0
d1 -m d11
d11 1 1 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s1
d21 1 1 /dev/dsk/c0t1d0s1
d4 -m d14
d14 1 1 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s4
d24 1 1 /dev/dsk/c0t1d0s4
Add Meta Databases:
bash-3.00# metadb -c 3 -f -a /dev/dsk/c5t0d0s3
bash-3.00# metadb -c 3 -f -a /dev/dsk/c5t4d0s3
Make sure that you create them on the correct slice. The normal standard that I follow, has me creating them on slice 3.
In the example above you are creating 3 metadbs on the mirror disk. Not sure if you need the -f option on the second db, but it does not seem to cause any issues.
In the example below you are initializing your one way mirror. These are the entries from the md.tab. Here I am initializing each side of the mirror. Note that you do not need to specify "d10 1 1 c5t0d0s0" if you have added this information to the md.tab Use the '-f' switch when the filesystem on that slice is currently mounted.
EXAMPLE for Slice 0:
bash-3.00# metainit -f d10 1 1 c5t0d0s0
d10: Concat/Stripe is setup
bash-3.00# metainit d20 1 1 c5t4d0s0
d10: Concat/Stripe is setup
Attach your First
The example below shows how attach your one way mirror to your metadevice. Once this step is complete. You will want to reboot, and attach the other side of the mirror. You can then edit the /etc/fstab with the new metadevices.
metainit d0 -m d10
Metaroot to Create root mirror in fstab:
The metaroot command is used to modify the /etc/fstab
Then modify any other entries.
Attach Secondary Mirror:
Other Helpful Commands:
How to Delete Metadbs:
If you need to start over, you can use the command below to remove metadatabases.
metadb -d -f /dev/dsk/diskname
Inpect your Metadbs:
# metadb -i
flags first blk block count
a u 16 8192 /dev/dsk/c0t0d0s7
a u 16 8192 /dev/dsk/c0t1d0s7
a u 16 8192 /dev/dsk/c0t2d0s7
How to Detach Mirrors:
metadetach mirror submirror
metadetach d0 d20
after completing the step above you should clear the concat/stripe
Metastat gives you the status of your mirrors
Initialization in progress: 12.2% done <== not done yet
Interlace: 32 blocks
Size: 208618176 blocks (99 GB)
Size: 208627648 blocks (99 GB)
Device Start Block Dbase State Reloc Hot Spare
c0t0d0s7 10506 Yes Initializing Yes
c0t1d0s7 10506 Yes Initializing Yes
c0t2d0s7 10506 Yes Initializing Yes